Representatives and members are most concerned about the application and legislation of artificial intelligence
artificial intelligence has been written into the government work report for the third year since it first appeared in the government work report in 2017, and has once again become a hot topic for representatives and members at the national two sessions this year
as of March 13, Nandu sorted out 40 representatives and should be equipped with lifting holes or rings, as well as the proposals, proposals, suggestions and interview views related to artificial intelligence published by the members during the national two sessions this year. It was found that most of their suggestions focused on the application field of artificial intelligence (34), artificial intelligence legislation (11), technological breakthroughs (9), talent training (6) and data opening (4). 34 representatives and members talked about the application of artificial intelligence, accounting for 85%, of which transportation, medical treatment, manufacturing and education have become the four most concerned application fields; Eleven people mentioned topics related to AI legislation, accounting for 27. 5%； The 9 talked about the bottleneck in the development of AI technology, and gave suggestions to break through the bottleneck around basic theory, deep learning, brain science and self-developed chips; Six mentioned suggestions or topics related to talent training, accounting for 15%; There are four suggestions or proposals related to the opening of data, and most of them focus on the opening of public data to the public, hoping to realize the "universal benefits" of the completion of Chongqing "polymer material testing laboratory"
government work report:
from "accelerating technology research and development and transformation" to expanding "intelligence +"
in 2017, Premier Li Keqiang proposed in the government work report: comprehensively implement the development plan of strategic emerging industries, accelerate the research and development and transformation of new materials, new energy, artificial intelligence, integrated circuits, biopharmaceuticals, fifth generation mobile communications and other technologies, and expand and strengthen industrial clusters
in 2018, artificial intelligence was written into the government work report for the second time: expand and strengthen emerging industrial clusters, implement big data development actions, strengthen the research and development and application of a new generation of artificial intelligence, and promote "interconnection +" in medical, elderly care, education, culture, sports and other fields
in 2019, artificial intelligence reappeared in the government work report. At the same time, "intelligence +" also became a new keyword in the report for the first time after "Internet +". In the morning of March 5, Premier Li Keqiang said in his government work report that we should build an industrial Internet platform, expand "smart +" and empower the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry. At the same time, the government work report also pointed out that "we should promote the accelerated development of emerging industries. We should deepen research and development applications such as big data and artificial intelligence, cultivate new generation information technology, high-end equipment, biomedicine, new energy vehicles, new materials and other emerging industrial clusters, and expand the digital economy"
representatives and members discussed:
from technology discussion to people's livelihood landing application
Nandu analysis found that among the 40 representatives and members who made suggestions on artificial intelligence during the two sessions, 10 were from Internet enterprises, 9 were from politics and academia, and the rest were from 8 different industries, such as medical treatment, automobile, communication, finance, chip, manufacturing, real estate, logistics, etc, AI has moved from the technology topic discussed in the Internet industry to the topic of social livelihood, and also to an increasingly broad application field
for the development of artificial intelligence, Wang Zhigang, Minister of science and technology, said in an interview at the "Ministerial channel" that the development and application of artificial intelligence is the development of science and technology, is also the development of interdisciplinary, and is an important trend of the new round of industrial revolution. "Technology is relatively equal to everyone, and the international community should strengthen cooperation. In this regard, we hope to work with countries around the world to pursue advantages and avoid disadvantages. First, we should accelerate the progress of artificial intelligence in basic theory, algorithms, computing power, mathematical models, etc.; second, we should strengthen the research and development of chips, devices, components; third, we should strengthen the cooperation of equipment, systems, etc."
at the industry application level, many representatives and members from the Internet field believe that AI technology has entered the stage of large-scale application, and the foam formed by the hot speculation concept will naturally fade
"we believe that the benefits of artificial intelligence will be realized gradually from 2016. The large-scale application of artificial intelligence will be launched in 2019. I believe that this wave of artificial intelligence is expected to lead the world in many fields, such as education, health care, justice and so on." Liu Qingfeng, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of the board, said in an interview with Nandu. But he also said: "Ai enterprises that only play with concepts to finance, without tangible and tangible applications and clear business models, will basically find it difficult to obtain financing in 2019 and may exit." Wang Xiaochuan, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and CEO of the company, also believes that AI technology has been coming to the ground since 2016. "Since 2016, with the landing of alpha dog, AI has entered a frenzy stage, and now it is a little low tide. On the contrary, at this stage, some applications that can be landing will be very viable in the future, especially in the fields of voice, image or integration with traditional manufacturing, which will bring a lot of imagination." Wang Xiaochuan said to the south
applications push rather than drag samples of non supported central landing:
transportation, medical treatment, manufacturing and education have become hot fields
from strengthening the R & D and transformation of artificial intelligence technology, strengthening the R & D and application of the new generation of artificial intelligence to deepening the R & D and application of artificial intelligence and expanding "intelligence +", with the changes in the focus in the annual government work report, artificial intelligence is also moving from technology to application
Nandu combed the proposals, suggestions, proposals and opinions of the above 40 representative members and found that in the application field of artificial intelligence, transportation, medical treatment, manufacturing and education became the four high-frequency words, followed by smart city, agriculture, real economy, employment, logistics, real estate, environmental protection and charity
in fact, intelligent transportation and intelligent driving are also the areas with the most intensive application of artificial intelligence technology at present, and a total of 10 representative members made suggestions on this. In the proposal, Robin Lee suggested that the state should further strengthen guidance, establish a data sharing and use mechanism, and encourage all regions to explore and build intelligent transportation solutions. "First, speed up the formulation of vehicle road coordination standards. Second, promote the intelligent transformation of transportation infrastructure, encourage local governments to increase the deployment of vehicle road coordination roadside equipment, and develop vehicle road coordination management platform. Third, carry out intelligent transportation application demonstration, select qualified cities, take the lead in deploying intelligent traffic lights, intelligent parking and other applications, and gradually promote them to the whole country."
in terms of intelligent medicine, representatives and members of Internet enterprises such as Robin Lee, Ma Huateng, Wang Xiaochuan and Liu Qingfeng all put forward relevant suggestions. Among them, Wang Xiaochuan said that he most expected the combination of artificial intelligence and medical treatment. "We know that seeing a doctor depends more on the experience of doctors, but the number of doctors is actually not enough, and the workload of registration and queuing is also large. If we can communicate with doctors at home through artificial intelligence, and enlarge the resources of doctors, it will greatly improve the health of the people." Wu Hao, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and director of Fangzhuang community health service center, also brought a proposal, calling for smart medicine to benefit the grassroots as soon as possible and improve people's sense of access to health services
the proposal of Yang Guoqiang, member of the CPPCC National Committee and chairman of the group's board of directors, focuses on the construction industry, and suggests accelerating the deep integration of artificial intelligence and architecture and promoting "machine replacement". He said in the proposal: "the traditional construction industry has lost its appeal to the younger generation. Now the average age of front-line construction workers is close to 50, an increase of more than 10 years over 2007. With the gradual disappearance of China's demographic dividend, the acceleration of social aging, the problem of labor shortage will be more serious, the construction industry will face huge labor cost pressure, and machine replacement is the general trend." He pointed out that "machine replacement" can fundamentally solve safety and quality problems, greatly improve labor productivity and save a lot of costs, so that "built in China" has more scientific and technological content. In this regard, Yang Guoqiang suggested that, first, the government should strengthen the guidance and support for the deep integration of artificial intelligence and construction robots. Second, construction industry associations and colleges and universities actively participate in the formulation of industry standards. Third, construction units actively introduce construction robots
how to make breakthroughs in technology:
focus on basic theory, brain science, and self-developed chips
on the other side of landing applications, AI still faces technical bottlenecks. Nandu combed and found that the views on AI technology breakthroughs focus on basic theory, deep learning, brain science, and self-developed chips
Xu Bo, member of the CPPCC National Committee and director of the Institute of automation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, believes that after more than 60 years of development, the basic theory of artificial intelligence is facing new bottlenecks. "The landing of application scenarios is the main driving force for the development of artificial intelligence in China at present. If we adhere to the demand-oriented and market driven scientific and technological development path, attach great importance to abstracting and defining major basic research problems from major needs, and organize top scientists and engineers to carry out team research and Research for a long time, China may achieve innovative breakthroughs in major basic theories of artificial intelligence."
Liu Qingfeng, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of iFLYTEK, put forward three suggestions on the technological breakthrough of artificial intelligence: 1. Strengthen the research on basic principles of mathematics and innovate mathematical statistical modeling methods; 2 。 Strengthen the basic research of brain science, and promote the development of artificial intelligence technology with brain intelligence; 3。 Accelerate the landing application of artificial intelligence, and feed back the basic research of artificial intelligence with man-machine coupling mode. "The deep integration of brain science research and mathematical statistical modeling methods will be one of the breakthroughs in the next development of artificial intelligence. It is suggested that the Ministry of finance, the Ministry of science and technology, the Ministry of industry and information technology, and the national development and Reform Commission further increase their support for the basic research of artificial intelligence, especially the basic principles of mathematics." Liuqingfeng said, "man-machine coupling is a way that artificial intelligence technology will be used for a long time in the process of being put into practice. It is suggested that China should promote the cooperation mode of man-machine coupling, speed up the landing application of artificial intelligence, and feed back the basic research of artificial intelligence through the two wheel drive of technology and products"
in terms of chips, Deng Zhonghan, member of the CPPCC National Committee, academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, founder and chief scientist of Zhongxing microelectronics group, put forward suggestions to speed up the development of independent chip technology and industry. Deng Zhonghan pointed out: "In the era of globalization, China cannot develop chip technology and industry behind closed doors. Only by gaining market recognition in international competition can it be truly successful. Nor can we try to produce all kinds of chips. We should establish a cooperative relationship between you and me in the community of a shared future for mankind. On the one hand, we should adhere to innovation, master the key core technologies of independent intellectual property rights, and avoid foreign patent restrictions; on the other hand, we should also protect Only by maintaining the interconnection with the international general technology ecosystem can it be widely accepted and go further. "
artificial intelligence related legislation is included in the plan
at the press conference of the second session of the 13th National People's Congress on March 4, Zhang Yesui, spokesman of the Congress, said that some legislative items closely related to artificial intelligence (such as digital security law and personal information
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